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W and Z bosons

W and Z bosons are gauge bosons, because they have a spin of 1. W and Z bosons carry the weak nuclear force, which is responsible for the radioactive decay of atoms. They also allow a quark to change its flavor, e.g. transformation of a down quark into an up quark.

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By Oleksandr Koliakin Prefixes for measurements are incredibly important. Here are the basic ones (the ones in bold are the most common): x - any primary/basic unit (e.g. meters or seconds) p(x) = pic

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