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Hydrocarbons

By Oleksandr Koliakin


Hydrocarbons are a type of molecules. Hydrocarbons, as their name suggests, are made out of hydrogen and carbon. They can be produced when animals or plants die, and are then fossilized and slowly converted into hydrocarbons. Most of the energy currently produced on earth is generated by using hydrocarbons as fuel.


Methane is an example of a hydrocarbon. It's chemical formula is CH4. Another example of a hydrocarbon is ethane (C2H6). Due to the fact that carbon has the ability to polymerize, which means that it can easily share bonds and link into lattices, hydrocarbons can be long chains of repeating units.


Above: an example of a hydrocarbon


Sources:

- Sciencia (book)

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